In this episode, we layer in the characters of the first triumpharant and the decline of the Hasmonean kingdom. Caesar rises in influence and bows his knee to ambition. Crassus destroys the armies of Spartacus and Pompey takes Hispania, Pontus, and Judah for Rome.
In light of current events, we are pausing our standard broadcasts to give a Christian Historical response to the Coronavirus or COVID-19. Join us as we cover Biblical and historical examples of viruses and plagues and how David and others in the word have stood firm in the midst of these trials.
2 Timothy 1:7
In this episode, we cover the Hasmonean Kingdom and its first kings and we shift our accounts to cover the greater geopolitical scene. The Kingdom of Pontus is on the rise, the Seleucids are losing power and Rome faces its greatest internal threats with the fractious events between Marius and Sulla which provide the blueprint for the destruction of the Roman Republic.
Judas Maccabee counter-attacks and expands the Jewish borders, but the Seleucids keep coming. Year after year, war exhausts the nation and the people. Judas approves a treaty with Rome in order to prevent the invasions. Unfortunately, the treaty backfires and the Seleucids invade and Judas dies in battle and the Roman alliance remains. In this episode, we cover the start of the Hasmonean Kingdom and the Alliance with Rome.
After a failed campaign against the Romans, Antiochus Epiphanes burns with anger and takes his anger out on the Jews. He defiles the temple and abuses the Jewish people which leads to an uprising. In this episode, we cover the revolt led by Judas Maccabee and his recapture of Jerusalem and the cleansing of the temple.
1 Book of Maccabees
Upon the conclusion fo the First Punic War, Hamilcar Barca forces his son Hannibal to swear his vengeance on Rome. He gets his vengeance when he attacks Saguntum in Iberia, modern Spain. In turn, Rome declares war on Carthage and Hannibal marches on Rome. In this episode, we cover Hannibal's crossing of the Alps, the Battle of Cannae and the 2nd Punic War.
With the evacuation of Pyrrhus from the Italian Peninsula and Sicily, the inevitable conflict breaks out between Carthage and Rome. The conflict rages for over 20 years and the loss of life and naval forces only shows the great power, wealth and persistence of Rome and the inevitable destruction of the descendants of Jezebel.
After the death of Alexander, four of his generals and their descendants split his empire. One of them, Ptolemy, founded a great library in Alexandria. The library had the goal of collecting all of the known literary works of Antiquity. One of their projects was the Septuagint, the translation of the Hebrew Old Testament scrolls into Greek. By the time of the New Testament, the Septuagint will become the scripture of choice for the New Testament writers.
After the collapse of the Athenian Democracy, innovation moves north. In the state of Macedon, King Philip grows in power and innovates his military. He has a son whose name is Alexander and he is a genius. In a remarkably short amount of time, Alexander becomes King of Greece and invades Persia and becomes the Goat and first king of Daniel Chapter 8.